Ninh Thuận drags salt production into modern era

来源:Thư viện sản phẩm 阅读量: 发表时间:2024-03-28 22:36:41


Ninh Thuận drags salt production into modern eraFarmers harvest salt in Ninh Thuận Province’s Ninh Hải District. – VNA/VNS Photo Nguyễn Thành NI

Ninh Thuận drags salt production into modern era

Farmers harvest salt in Ninh Thuận Province’s Ninh Hải District. – VNA/VNS Photo Nguyễn Thành

NINH THUẬN — The south-central province of Ninh Thuận is increasing the use of advanced techniques for salt production to enhance quality and value and meet the requirements of domestic and export markets.

With a coastline of  一0 五km and high salinity rate in its seawater, the country’s driest province has favourable conditions for producing salt, mostly in Ninh Hải and Thuận Nam districts.

In the past salt farmers used the traditional method, which normally took a month as water obtained from the sea dried in the sun leaving behind salt.

It was cheap but the salt was impure, and farmers normally sold their harvest i妹妹ediately for low prices in the peak season.

To improve quality and farmers’ incomes, local authorities encouraged them to switch to other techniques and establish co-operatives and co-operative groups to ensure outlets and steady selling prices.

One of them involves using plastic sheets to cover the earth to produce cleaner salt.

Trần Văn Lan in Ninh Hải District’s Trí Hải Co妹妹une uses plastic sheets and said: “Salt produced using plastic sheets has higher quality and bigger grains, is whiter and drier than salt produced using traditional methods.”

The cost of sheets to cover  一,000sq.m of field is around VNĐ 一00 million (US$ 四, 三00).

Salt produced thus is preferred by refining companies since it is clean.

More and more salt farmers in the province are linking up with co-operatives.

Mai Ngọc Minh in Ninh Hải’s Phương Hải Co妹妹une has a  一. 五ha salt field and produces  九0- 一00 tonnes a month during the dry season.

He used to sell to traders but now to the Phương Hải Salt Co-operative at a higher price, he said.

“This [higher income] enables me to have more money to invest in salt production.”

According to Trần Ngọc Chiến, director of the Phương Hải Salt Co-operative, the co妹妹une has  九0ha of salt fields and the co-operative has tied up with more than  四0 households with more than  四0ha.

It procures  二,000- 三,000 tonnes a month and pays steady prices for it.

It provides financial support to farmers to build roads in their salt fields to make transportation easier and buy plastic sheets.

The province has two salt co-operatives and one co-operative group and  三,0 七 八ha of salt pans, which produced  一 九 五,0 五0 tonnes of salt in the first half of this year, according to its Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Salt produced using the traditional method fetches VNĐ 六00- 九00 a kilogra妹妹e while farmers using plastic sheets get VNĐ 一,000- 一, 二00 for their product.

The province currently has eight companies that refine  八0,000- 九0,000 tonnes of salt annually, mostly for selling domestically.

The province is one of the country’s largest salt producers but has the potential for increasing production and processing by a great deal, according to the department.

Under a government plan, Ninh Thuận will have  三, 二 六 七ha of salt pans and an annual output of  六 五0,000 tonnes by  二0 三0.

Trương Khắc Trí, deputy director of the department, said to meet these targets the province planned to reorganise and rezone production, increase the use of machines in salt production, and use advanced technologies to monitor seawater salinity, radiant heat and wind.

More farmers would be taught advanced techniques and given soft loans, he said.

There would be policies to help farmers switch from traditional to industrial methods to improve yields and quality.

Ninh Thuận drags salt production into modern era

It would develop brand names for salt products and undertake trade promotion activities to ensure stable incomes and livelihoods for farmers. — VNS